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Chrysocolla- The king of carbonate copper gemstones


Chrysocolla is an greatly colored copper mineral. Its shade can be among the strongest colors of natural blue gems. Chrysocolla’s attractive, stunning blue-green shade is often mistakenly confuse for turquoise because they share many visual resemblances. It can often be found intermingled with malachite, and azurite, creating a wonderful mixed diamond known as eilat stone.

Eilat rock was initially excavated in Master Solomon's mines in African continent. The rich, vivid blue and green colors of chrysocolla are similar to looking down upon the global surface area from space.

The name of chrysocolla comes from the Greek word chrysos, which mean "gold", and kolla, meaning "glue", in allusion to the name of the material used to weld gold pieces together, and was first used by Theophrastus in 315 BCE. This fancy gemstone has indeed inspired creativity in many artists, whether they were ancient goldsmiths using it as solder, Renaissance painters grinding it as pigment for paint or modern jewelry designer-artists including it within their florid designs.

For centuries chrysocolla has been known across the planet as a stone of calming reconciliation and reassurance. In historical The red sea region, it was known as the "wise stone" because it guarded and motivated the brain during discussions. Those who used it usually came up with brilliant jeopardises and solutions. This rock also has the capability to help people who are aggressive to become more delicate and resistant which is why, as an ambassador, Nefertiti used chrysocolla bracelets everywhere she went.

This stone lends itself well to opulence. Nero was a Roman Emperor and well-known patron of the green faction of ancient Rome. These ancient factions were split into four colors: red, white, blue and green and were elite clubs that people felt loyalty to above all others. They would have many competitions, such as chariot races, and would do anything to ensure that their club would win and be proven superior. The green faction was the most dominant club, so when Nero was to take part in a race as a charioteer, he dusted the circus arena with ground green chrysocolla powder instead of using the customary sand.

Chrysocolla noteworthy localities

Most Chrysocolla is from copper deposits in arid regions, which can be found wherever large copper deposits occur worldwide. Most notably in Kolwezi, Katanga (Shaba), Congo (Zaïre). The ancient Timna Copper Mines of Eilat, Israel, have produced Chrysocolla combined with other copper minerals in a combination that has been given the trade name Eilat Stone. Excellent Chrysocolla pseudomorphs after Azurite come from the Whim Creek Copper Mine, Whim Creek, Western Australia. Important South American localities include the Lily Mine, Pisco Umay, Peru; and several deposits within Chañaral Province, Atacama Region, Chile.

The most outstanding Chrysocolla has come from many of the classic Arizona copper mines. The most noteworthy and outstanding are the Inspiration Mine, Globe-Miami District, Gila Co.; the 79 Mine, Hayden, Gila Co.; Morenci, Greenlee Co.; and Ray, Pinal Co. The locality of Ray is especially noted for its beautiful and intriguing stalagmites combined with Quartz.

Designing with Chrysocolla

Chrysocolla is an magnificent stone that can be discovered with information of malachite, turquoise, jasper and azurite within it, so creating pieces of jewelry combining chrysocolla with these spectacular stones to make a amazing tonal look is very easy. Pairing chrysocolla with Silver even highlight the beauty of this precious stone.

Gemological Properties of Chrysocolla

The chemical formula for Chrysocolla is not clearly defined, as it contains a varying substitution of elements and its content of water in its chemical structure. Though a more definitive form of Chrysocolla with an identifiable chemical formula can exist in microcrystals, most forms are of the variable type and are crystally amorphous.

Mineral Information

Copper silicate

Chemical Composition



Green, blue with brown-white-black streak



Specific Gravity


Refractive Index

approx. 1.50


Care and cleaning guide

Rating 2-4 on Mohs Hardness scale, this literally means Chrysocolla is a soft gemstone, so special care should always be taken to keep the stone in a nice polished condition. Chrysocolla is sometimes coated with clear, colorless resin to improve the durability and appearance, so steam and ultrasonic cleaners, household chemicals and prolonged exposure to excessive heat should be avoided as they can cause permanent damage to the stone and this coating.

The safest way to clean chrysocolla is with warm soapy water and a soft cloth. If you have a piece of Chrysocolla that already been set in jewelry the piece should be stored separately from other jewelry items that can easily scratch it. Avoid hitting your chrysocolla jewelry with sharp blows as this can fracture and shatter the stone.